What Types Of Fractures Require Surgery?

What are the 8 types of bone fractures?

Types of FracturesGreenstick – Incomplete fracture.

Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.More items….

Does a simple fracture need surgery?

Surgery is sometimes required to treat a fracture. The type of treatment for fracture required depends on the severity of the break, whether it is “open” or “closed,” and the specific bone involved. For example, a broken bone in the spine (vertebra) is treated differently from a broken leg bone or a broken hip.

Do all fractures need a cast?

Although some types of injuries can heal with just a splint, most fractures will need a cast. A cast is essentially a big, hard bandage that keeps a bone from moving during the healing process.

What is the difference between fractured and broken?

A fracture is any loss of continuity of the bone. Anytime the bone loses integrity—whether it’s a hairline crack barely recognizable on an X-ray or the shattering of bone into a dozen pieces—it’s considered a fracture. A broken bone is a fractured bone and vice versa.

What are the 4 stages of bone healing?

There are four stages in the repair of a broken bone: 1) the formation of hematoma at the break, 2) the formation of a fibrocartilaginous callus, 3) the formation of a bony callus, and 4) remodeling and addition of compact bone.

What type of fractures need surgery?

Bone fracture repair is used when a broken bone doesn’t or wouldn’t heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases when the bone is sticking through the skin (compound fractures) and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles.

What are the 7 types of fractures?

Common types of fractures include:Stable fracture. The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place.Open, compound fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture. … Transverse fracture. … Oblique fracture. … Comminuted fracture.

Which types of fractures are most difficult to repair?

Example: A comminuted fracture is the most difficult to repair due to the bone having fractured into numerous pieces. Multiple bone pieces require more effort to hold them together in the ideal position for healing.

Are fractures worse than breaks?

A fracture and a break are actually one and the same. “There’s no difference between these two things,” he says. “A fracture means the cracking or breaking of a hard object. One is not worse than the other when it comes to breaking bones.”

What’s the most painful bone to break?

Leg bones are usually some of the strongest in the body and it takes a big impact such as a serious fall or a car accident for them to break. A fracture that occurs lower down the femur is classed as a broken leg rather than hip and is one of the most painful breaks to experience.

What are the 10 types of fractures?

Different types of bone fractures can be open, closed, stable, displaced, partial, or complete.Transverse Fracture. Transverse fractures are breaks that are in a straight line across the bone. … Spiral Fracture. … Greenstick Fracture. … Stress Fracture. … Compression Fracture. … Oblique Fracture. … Impacted Fracture. … Segmental Fracture.More items…•

Can fractures get worse?

When a bone fracture is untreated, it can result in either a nonunion or a delayed union. In the former case, the bone doesn’t heal at all, which means that it will remain broken. As a result, swelling, tenderness, and pain will continue to worsen over time.

What’s the worst type of fracture?

Comminuted fracture. A comminuted fracture can be very serious. In this type of fracture, a bone actually breaks into several fragments. Small bones, such as the bones in the hands or feet, are highly susceptible to comminuted fracture.

What is the most common fracture?

#1 Most Commonly Broken Bone The clavicle, also known as the collarbone, is the most common bone that is broken. It is located between the shoulder blade and upper ribcage.

Can a bone heal in 4 weeks?

Depending on the severity of the fracture and how well a person follows their doctor’s recommendations, bones can take between weeks to several months to heal. According to the Cleveland Clinic, the average bone healing time is between 6 – 8 weeks, although it can vary depending on the type and site of the injury.

How are different types of fractures treated?

Depending on where the fracture is and how severe, treatment may include:Splints – to stop movement of the broken limb.Braces – to support the bone.Plaster cast – to provide support and immobilise the bone.Traction – a less common option.Surgically inserted metal rods or plates – to hold the bone pieces together.More items…•

Do fractures hurt as they heal?

Acute pain usually occurs immediately after the fracture when the bone has broken. Sub-acute pain usually occurs the first few weeks after the fracture while the bone and soft tissue heal. Chronic pain is pain that continues long after the fracture and soft tissues have finished healing.

What happens if a fracture is left untreated?

If untreated, the pain experienced from a fracture will likely worsen as time goes on. The main risk of an untreated fracture, however, is improper healing. This can result in visible deformities, misalignment, limited movement, and infection.