- What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?
- What are the four types of infection?
- Is the common cold an airborne virus?
- What kind of diseases can be transmitted through saliva?
- How quickly can germs spread?
- What are the 6 modes of transmission?
- What kind of diseases are transmitted person to person?
- What are 3 ways diseases can be transmitted?
- What are examples of airborne diseases?
- What diseases are airborne precautions?
- What are the 3 types of airborne pathogens?
What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?
The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B.
According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.
What are the four types of infection?
This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.
Is the common cold an airborne virus?
“Some cold viruses are carried in airborne droplets from coughs and sneezes, but the most common cause of the common cold is most commonly spread with objects or hands contaminated by the nasal secretions by someone who is infected.
What kind of diseases can be transmitted through saliva?
Only certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are transmittable through kissing. Two common ones are herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV)….What can’t be transmitted through kissing?Chlamydia. … Gonorrhea. … Hepatitis. … Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). … Trichomoniasis.More items…•
How quickly can germs spread?
Researchers at the University of Bristol assessed the airborne survival of bacteria in aerosol droplets from coughs and sneezes. They found the average sneeze or cough can send around 100,000 contagious germs into the air at speeds up to 100 miles per hour.
What are the 6 modes of transmission?
Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)
What kind of diseases are transmitted person to person?
Many illnesses spread through contact transmission. Examples are chicken pox, common cold, conjunctivitis (Pink Eye), Hepatitis A and B, herpes simplex (cold sores), influenza, measles, mononucleosis, Fifth disease, pertussis, adeno/rhino viruses, Neisseria meningitidis and mycoplasma pneumoniae.
What are 3 ways diseases can be transmitted?
Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.
What are examples of airborne diseases?
Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. … Mumps is another very contagious viral disease. … Measles is a very contagious disease, particularly in crowded conditions.TB, also known as consumption, is an airborne disease.
What diseases are airborne precautions?
Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.
What are the 3 types of airborne pathogens?
Types of Airborne VirusesRhinoviruses3 (cause common cold symptoms, but are not the only viruses that cause colds)Influenza viruses (type A, type B, H1N1)Varicella viruses (cause chickenpox)Measles virus.Mumps virus.Hantavirus (a rare virus that can be transmitted from rodents to humans)4Viral meningitis.More items…•