- Where did polio originally come from?
- Do adults need polio booster?
- Is polio vaccine lifelong?
- When did the polio vaccine become mandatory?
- Can you get polio twice?
- What is the age limit for polio drops?
- What if polio vaccine is missed?
- What stopped polio?
- Can you catch polio from swimming?
- Is polio a man made disease?
- Do we still vaccinate for polio?
- How long is the polio vaccine good for?
Where did polio originally come from?
1894, first outbreak of polio in epidemic form in the U.S.
occurs in Vermont, with 132 cases.
1908, Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper identify a virus as the cause of polio by transmitting the disease to a monkey..
Do adults need polio booster?
Routine poliovirus vaccination of U.S. adults (i.e., persons aged >18 years) is not necessary. Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children and their risk of exposure to polioviruses in the United States is minimal.
Is polio vaccine lifelong?
Booster doses of the vaccine are recommended every 10 years for at-risk adults. If you are travelling overseas, speak to your doctor before you go about whether you need a booster polio immunisation for the countries you are visiting.
When did the polio vaccine become mandatory?
The first polio vaccine was available in the United States in 1955. Thanks to widespread use of polio vaccine, the United States has been polio-free since 1979. But poliovirus is still a threat in some countries. It takes only one traveler with polio to bring the disease into the United States.
Can you get polio twice?
Does past infection with polio make a person immune? There are three types of polio virus. Lifelong immunity usually depends on which type of virus a person contracts. Second attacks are rare and result from infection with a polio virus of a different type than the first attack.
What is the age limit for polio drops?
Therefore, the upper age for OPV is still 5 years, either for the first dose or for the ‘umpteenth’ dose. These days, I cannot say what is the last dose since some 4-year-old children may receive up to 17-19 doses in the States in which 4 doses are being given in campaigns.
What if polio vaccine is missed?
A. Polio vaccines are of two kinds, oral and injectable. If injectable has been given but you have missed the oral, you can go to a hospital and give that one as well. Both are important and have to be given.
What stopped polio?
Several key strategies have been outlined for stopping polio transmission: High infant immunization coverage with four doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first year of life in developing and endemic countries, and routine immunization with OPV and/or IPV elsewhere.
Can you catch polio from swimming?
We now know that polio is spread through a fecal-oral contact route, and almost always through contaminated water.
Is polio a man made disease?
The creation of the man-made polio virus came just a month after the World Health Organization had declared polio eradicated from Europe and projected total eradication of the disease by 2005. Last year, only 480 cases were reported in the world.
Do we still vaccinate for polio?
Australia has been officially polio-free since 2000, and only a few countries in the world still have polio. Polio immunisation is still very important. This is because polio can be brought into Australia by people who travel to countries that have polio.
How long is the polio vaccine good for?
It doesn’t matter how long it has been since the earlier dose(s). Adults who are at increased risk of exposure to poliovirus and who have previously completed a routine series of polio vaccine (IPV or OPV) can receive one lifetime booster dose of IPV.